Ph.D. Geology (Geochemistry)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1975
S.M. Earth and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology,
A.B. Geological Sciences (with High Distinction), University of Rochester,
& Associates Inc., 1995-
Research Specialist, UC Berkeley, Earthquake Engineering Research Center,
President, Goettel & Horner Inc., 1993-1995
Research Specialist, UC Berkeley, Center for Environmental Design Research,
Senior Scientist, VSP Associates Inc., 1990-1993
evaluation of natural hazards for Federal, State, and Local governments,
other public agencies, universities, utilities and corporations. Quantitative
risk assessment, benefit-cost analysis of mitigation projects, mitigation
planning, and public education. Principal developer of software used
by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to evaluate the cost-effectiveness
of all hazard mitigation projects funded nationwide under the Hazard
Mitigation Grant Program and the Public Assistance Program. Principal
author of FEMA's user's manuals, training manuals, and technical guidance
for benefit-cost analysis of mitigation projects. Lead instructor for
over 60 training classes for Federal, State, and Local officials.
Experience and expertise
with a very wide range of hazards including, earthquakes, riverine and
coastal floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, wildland fire, volcanoes, landslides,
winter storms, dam safety and others. Conducted benefit-cost analyses
for over 2000 mitigation projects. Extensive public policy experience
with analyses of many economic, social, political and regulatory issues.
Mitigation planning experience including helping local government officials
and the public understand the risks posed by natural hazards, evaluate
whether or not the level of risk is acceptable and prioritizing risk
evaluating comparative social and economic aspects of earthquakes in
Japan and the United States (Kajima Corporation, Tokyo) and evaluation
of several technology and public policy issues for the Institute for
Future Science (Tokyo). Conducted a quantitative assessment of the vulnerability
of utility and transportation systems to Y2K disruption worldwide (detailed
assessments at over 100 locations in 50 countries in North and South
America, Europe, Asia, Australia and Africa) for Coca-Cola.
Member of FEMA task
force developing quantitative and qualitative methodologies to evaluate
and prioritize terrorism mitigation projects, including vulnerability
and risk assessments and benefit-cost analysis.
QUALIFICATIONS AND TECHNICAL EXPERTISE
Dr. Goettel is the
nationally-recognized expert on benefit-cost analysis of mitigation
projects for seismic and other natural hazards. His unique experience
1. Principal author
of the FEMA benefit-cost software for natural hazards: earthquakes,
floods, hurricanes, wildland/urban interface fires, and a generalized
method for other hazards including landslides, erosion, ice storms,
2. Principal author
of the FEMA technical user's manuals for benefit-cost analysis for the
above hazards and principal technical author of all of the FEMA training
courses for benefit-cost analysis.
3. Principal author
of majority (circa 90%) of FEMA's published guidance on how to do benefit-cost
analysis, including "What is a Benefit? Draft Guidance for Benefit-Cost
Analysis", FEMA's most comprehensive benefit-cost publication.
4. Principal developer
of the standardized methods used by FEMA nationwide for all hazards
to evaluate the secondary or indirect benefits of mitigation projects
(i.e., the economic impacts of loss of function of buildings, utilities,
and transportation systems. For buildings, the evaluation methods developed
include separate methods for: ordinary residential, commercial, and
public buildings, EOCs, emergency shelters , police, fire, and medical
5. Conducted over
60 benefit-cost training courses (1 to 3 days each) for FEMA, state,
and local staff in all 10 FEMA regions.
6. Conducted benefit-cost
analyses for thousands of mitigation projects for all natural hazards,
with total mitigation project costs above $10 billion. These projects
include structural and non-structural mitigation projects for buildings,
as well as mitigation projects for infrastructure including drainage
systems, roads, bridges, dams, and utility systems (electric power,
water, wastewater, telecommunications, etc.). Clients have included
states, counties, cities, special districts, schools, universities,
major corporations, hospitals, and utilities.
Goettel has completed
multi-hazard mitigation plans for numerous counties and cities, including
updated plans to comply with FEMA's expanded DMA 2000 planning requirements.
Goettel has completed
terrorism vulnerability assessments for water utilities and is in-process
of creating or updating Emergency Response Plans to meet EPA's requirements.
Goettel has completed
numerous public policy studies related to natural hazards and economics,
including analysis in support of seismic retrofit ordinances, evaluation
of the costs of seismic zone changes, evaluation of insurance and other
economic and policy issues related to natural hazards.